MDR1 Gene Mutation: The MDR1 gene encodes P-glycoprotein, a drug transport pump that plays an important role in limiting drug absorption and distribution (particularly to the brain), as well as enhancing the excretion of many drugs used in dogs. Some dogs, particularly herding breeds, have a mutation in the MDR1 gene, leaving them defective in their ability to limit drug absorption and distribution. These dogs also have delayed excretion of drugs that are normally transported by P-glycoprotein, making them susceptible to severe drug toxicity.
Drugs Affected by the MDR1 Gene Mutation: Acepromazine, Apomorphine, Butorphanol, Doramectin, Doxorubicin, Erythromycin, Ivermectin, Loperamide, Milbemycin, Moxidectin, Paclitaxel, Selamectin, Vinblastine, Vincristine, Vinorelbine
Breeds Affected by the MDR1 Mutation
|Australian Shepherd, Mini||50%|
|Border Collie||< 5%|
|Herding Breed Cross||10%|
|Old English Sheepdog||5%|